Animal to Human Diseases

  1. Rabies

Rabies is a preventable viral disease of mammals most often spread through infected saliva from wild animals by a bite or scratch. The most common carriers of rabies are skunks, bats, raccoons, coyotes, but all mammals are susceptible to infections, including both you and your pets. 

Rabies is caused by a virus that affects the nervous system of humans and other mammals, and is almost always fatal without treatment. Animals with rabies may appear disoriented, stagger, drool excessively, be aggressive, appear tamer than usual, or lose their fear of humans.  The classic sign of rabies is unusual behavior; for example, skunks that are usually only seen at night may be seen in the daytime. Humans, pets, horses, livestock, and many wild animals are susceptible to rabies from a bite, scratch, or contact with the saliva of an infected animal. If you believe that you, your pet, or your livestock has had contact with a rabid animal, contact your doctor or veterinarian for prompt medical treatment.

Protect Yourself, Your Pet, and Your Community


  • Visit your veterinarian with your pet on a regular basis and keep rabies vaccinations up-to-date for all cats, ferrets, dogs, horses, and livestock.
  • Report stray or ill animals to Broomfield Animal Services by calling 303.438.6400.


  • Do not touch wild animals, whether alive or dead.  Rabid animals do not always appear vicious.
  • Do not pick up, relocate, or attempt to feed or handle any unfamiliar or wild animals (including baby animals), even if they appear friendly.
  • Never touch a bat.  If you have contact with a bat, find a bat in a room, or wake up to a bat in your bedroom, report it to Broomfield Animal Services.  Please do not let the bat go - Public Health may need to test it for rabies.
  • Maintain control of your pets by keeping cats and ferrets indoors and keeping dogs under direct supervision and on a leash.
  • Avoid leaving food or garbage outside as it often attracts stray dogs, cats, and wildlife to your yard.


  • Report any wild animal acting strangely to Broomfield Animal Services at 303.438.6400.
  • Contact your veterinarian if your dog, cat, ferret, horse, or livestock is bitten or scratched by a wild animal.
  • Seek immediate medical attention if you are bitten or scratched, or have any contact with a bat or other wild animal.  Then contact Broomfield Public Health at 720.887.2220 as rabies post-exposure vaccinations may be needed immediately to prevent the development of rabies.


ServiceContact Information
Animal Control
Animal Control
Public Health and Environment
Health Protection
Open Space
Wildlife Masters Volunteer Program
ID and License
FREE Broomfield Rabies tag
General Information, COHELP
Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment
Contact your local veterinarian for wellness care and rabies vaccination.
  1. Hantavirus
  1. Plague
  1. Tularemia
  1. West Nile Virus